Located in the time between 800 AD C. and 1532 d. C.
For the Manteños trade was one of their main economic activities, which they dedicated to the sea and the use of vessels that allowed to perform extensive travels, including major “sacred” islands as La Plata and Salango. The latter was headquarters of an important chiefdom, whose population had outstanding activity in trade and exchange of products of the Pacific coast, such as textiles, jewelry and Spondylus shell mainly for ritual purposes.
The exploitation of the shell Spondylus has an ancient history, since this activity appears in Salango since the time of Valdivia, Machalilla, Chorrera, Guangala, Bahia, to the time of the Manteños (Norton, 1984: 10, ss) The Huancavilcas Manteños have left their testimony in the coastal provinces of Guayas, Manabi and El Oro. Southern settlements, among others were the Colonche, Puna and those in the Gulf of Guayaquil.
They had a subsistence-based agriculture, adapted to the climatic conditions of the area, which is characterized more by dryness, except in the highlands where the humidity is higher.
LOCATION AND TERRITORIAL
The Manta culture spread along the Ecuadorian coast, from the island of Puna, in front of the Gulf of Guayaquil, to a little farther north of the Bay Caráquez.